Do you have a new piercing? That’s great for you, but not for your body. A piercing is, in reality, nothing more than a wound with a piece of jewelry in, which prevents the hole from closing. It is due to that reason that your body will treat your piercing as a wound, and just like any other wound, it is not supposed to be there. Your body wants to heal your piercing as it does with any other injury. The healing of a new piercing goes through 4 phases.
The first phase of healing your new piercing will go through is better known as the hemostasis phase. When one gets a wound, the damaged blood vessels will immediately start to narrow themselves. This process is called vasoconstriction, is crucial, as it quickly reduces blood loss.
Immediately afterward, the next process, platelet activation, will begin. When the walls of the vessels become damaged, it will release collagen fibers. Platelets will bind themselves to the collagen fibers, release a substance to activate more platelets, and will get because of this, receptors on the outside of the cell membrane.
In the final process called the coagulation cascade, a lot of clotting factors start to activate. When the clotting factor prothrombin gets activated into thrombin, it will convert fibrinogen into fibrin. Fibrin will be able to stick to the receptors on the platelets and create a net of sorts. This net will entrap red blood cells, and together with the red blood cells, they will create a crust. The crust stops the bleeding and serves as a temporary barrier against pathogens.